Adjusting SELinux Policies
If the used Linux distribution features SELinux (Security-Enhanced Linux), you may need to configure SELinux security policies to enable correct component operation (for example, operation of the scanning engine) after they are installed.
1. Universal package installation issues
If SELinux is enabled, installation from the (.run) can fail because an attempt to create the drweb user, under which Dr.Web for Linux components operate, can be blocked.
In case of failure, check the SELinux operation mode with the getenforce command. The command outputs one of the following:
•Permissive – protection is active but a permissive strategy is used: actions that violate the security policy are not denied but information on the actions is logged.
•Enforced – protection is active and restrictive strategy is used: actions that violate security policies are blocked and information on the actions is logged.
•Disabled – SELinux is installed but not active.
If SELinux is operating in Enforced mode, change it to Permissive for the period while the product is being installed. For that purpose, use the setenforce 0 command, which temporarily (until the next reboot) enables Permissive mode for SELinux.
After the product installation successfully completes, enable Enforced mode for SELinux again before starting the product. For that, use the setenforce 1 command.
2. Operation issues
In some cases when SELinux is enabled, certain auxiliary Dr.Web for Linux components (for example, drweb-se and drweb-filecheck used by Scanner) cannot start. If so, object scanning and file system monitoring become unavailable. When an auxiliary module fails to start, the main Dr.Web for Linux window displays messages on 119 and 120 errors and information on these errors is also registered by syslog (the log is usually located in the /var/log/ directory).
SELinux messages are registered in the system log. In general, when audit daemon is used on the system, the audit log file is /var/log/audit/audit.log. Otherwise, messages on blocked operations are saved to the general log file located in /var/log/messages.
1.Create a new file with the SELinux policy source code (.te file). This file defines restrictions applied to the module. The policy source code can be specified in one of the following ways:
1)Using the audit2allow utility, which is the simplest method. The utility generates permissive rules from messages on access denial in system log files. You can set to search messages automatically or specify a path to the log file manually.
Note that you can use this method only if Dr.Web for Linux violated SELinux security policies and these events are registered in the audit log file. If not, wait for such an incident to occur or force-create permissive policies by using the policygentool utility (see below).
In the given example, the audit2allow utility performs a search in the audit.log file to find access denial messages for drweb-se module.
The following two files are created: policy source file drweb-se.te and the drweb-se.pp policy module ready to install.
If no security violation incidents are found in the system audit log, the utility returns an error message.
In most cases, you do not need to modify the policy file created by the utility. Thus, it is recommended to go to for installation of the drweb-se.pp policy module. Note that the audit2allow utility outputs invocation of the semodule command. By copying the output to the command line and executing it, you complete . Go to only if you want to modify security policies which were automatically generated for Dr.Web for Linux components.
2)Using the policygentool utility. For that purpose, specify name of the module operation with which you want to configure and the full path to the executable file.
Example of policy creation via policygentool:
ofor drweb-se (used by the anti-virus engine):
ofor drweb-filecheck (used by Scanner):
You will be prompted to specify several common domain characteristics. After that, three files that determine the policy are created for each of the modules:
<module_name>.te, <module_name>.fc and <module_name>.if.
3.Create an installed policy module (.pp file) with the use of the semodule_package utility.
For details on SELinux operation and configuration, refer to documentation for the used Linux distribution.